AD's English Literature

Robert Lynd Captures a Beautiful Atmosphere in the Essay “Sea Side”

Sea side an essay by Robert Lynd, one of the well known essayists of the twentieth century, provides a befitting description of French Seal coast along with it, setting the Sea and the travelers. In fact, this is the personal essay of the author has been staying in a holyday resort nearly the French sea coast. The festivity and the mood of gala permit and pervade the entire atmosphere for the sea side. Not only the beauty of the sea side is minutely expressed but also that visitor’s activities are minutely put into account. Au of the individual present here portrayed here in this piece. But here and there a note of sadness is plotting in the atmosphere. It is seen fisher women working heard for their lively hood. There are another instance of the unhappy grey haired father struggling hard to make his child walk but unsuccessfully. Accept these two spots of sadness the entire sea beach is brushed with fun and various walking gaiety.

There are different types of tourists in this spot. The industry bands are flying kites. Children taking exercise interacts in the game. Few are having different game – cricket, golf, casino, football, tennis etc. few are swimming and bathing. All the tourists are busy with their pet occupations- of various types of game. Lynd finds a sense of restraint and control in the celebration of joy. On the beach Lynd also find souveteours, the life savers who are dutifully spying on the behavior of the swimmers and concerned with the safety of the tourists.

Critical Commentary on A. G. Gardiner’s “On Shaking Hands”

A. G. Gardiner’s amusing subject On Shaking Hands is a beautifully curved piece carrying out a discussion to pros and cons of shaking hands. Gardiner is of the view that hands shake is the most innocent and amiable custom of greeting. Even it is criticized on medical grounds. Taking the concept Gardiner rather carries out a thorough discussion On Shaking Hands. Gardiner then mentions few of the examples of salutation worldwide. In India we pay ‘Namaskar’ while the Japanese ‘kowtow’. Such examples can easily be multiplied.

Gardiner comparatively discusses hands shake along with the other mood of salutation kissing, practiced and excessively nourished in the 15th and 16th century during reign of Tudor kings. Gardiner thinks that along with the mood of kissing as a salutation there is a sense of sexual overtones.

The Character of Prospero in the Design of Shakespeare’s “The Tempest”

Although The Tempest has been assessed as the full expression of Shakespeare’s mood in his final period and although the play has been praised for its observance of the classic unities, it requires no elaboration to establish that the play is lacking in essential dramatic elements. This is due to the preponderance of only one character, Prospero, besides whom other characters seem pale and even anemic. Indeed, Prospero occupies a more important place in The Tempest than does the Prince of Denmark in Hamlet.

Prospero is Providence personified, the omnipotent and omniscient destiny itself, manipulating and wire-pulling everything human, non-human or super-human in the enchanted island. Nothing happens in the play without Prospero wishing it to happen. The consequence is that the plot lacks an inner law of growth and the dramatic presentation is somewhat bloodless. Prospero is a strong man, a sweet man, a gracious man given to forgiveness. He is also a garrulous old man, pedantic and severe and with a high sense of his opinions. His powers of white magic know no limits. And that exactly makes limitations for the dramatic difficulties of the play. This limitation is nowhere more apparent than in Prospero’s narration of his past life to Miranda. Despite its telescoping, It is a long narration on the stage and clearly undramatic but Shakespeare has no other way of conveying this essential background of the play in the absence of a real antagonist. Where the protagonist is all, the play as the play inevitably suffers.

Isabella in William Shakespeare’s “Measure for Measure”: Paragon of Virtue or Despicable Pride?

At varying times Isabella in William Shakespeare’s Measure for Measure has been seen as a marvelous symbol of virginal purity, and an utterly distasteful and self-righteous prude. The problem is that while it is theologically correct for her to value her immortal soul more highly than her brother’s life, it is also distasteful, and an audience might prefer her to take a decision that was theologically and morally wrong, but more admirable in human terms, namely to sacrifice her body for her brother’s survival. 

William Shakespeare
Perhaps Shakespeare’s audience would have been more familiar than a modern audience with ‘the idea that no good can come out of evil, and Angelo confirms this when he says he will not release Claudia even if Isabella does submit to him, thus perhaps justifying Isabella’s early decision not to submit. A Jacobean audience would have had a more vivid concept of hellfire and damnation (which is what Isabella risks if she submits to Angelo), and would value the whole concept of honour more than a modern audience. However, it is dangerous to rely too heavily on assumptions about the Jacobean audience: being dead, they have the too-convenient attribute of not being able to argue with any features ascribed to them. Even if Isabella’s decision is the right one, the play suffers drastically if she alienates the audience’s sympathy.

Analysing Deep and Profound Philosophy in Robert Browning’s "Rabi Ben Ezra"

Robert Browning’s Rabi Ben Ezra is a poem for young and old alike. It gives inspiration and courage to youth, and consolation and peace to old men. It is indeed a priceless “jewel of Browning’s poetry”. Robert Browning’s Rabi Ben Ezra is meant for those persons who consider that the aim of life is merely to live for the gratification of bodily needs. Browning gives a jolt to such thoroughgoing worshipers of the body, and awakens them from their mistaken conception of life. Those who read this poem attentively will realize the wisdom of living life.

Rabi Ben Ezra is a philosophic poem and embodies some of the finest philosophic thoughts of the poet. The philosophic ideas of this poem are deep and profound, and colored the main stream of thought in the poem. Various ideas are developed and presented with penetrating insight and philosophic vision by Robert Browning, and the poem, as a whole, cap be taken to be the quintessence of the poet’s philosophic thoughts.

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An English Teacher;    M. A.(English) , D. Ed., B. Ed., UGC- NET Qualified

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